There are about 1,200 different species of acacia flowering tree and shrubs all over the earth. Some parts of the trees used specifically for their medicinal and soothing properties. Leaves, flower, pod seeds and the bark of the acacia tree have been used to stop bleeding; diarrohea and coughing, healing ulcers, open wound and soothe sore throats. Ancient Egyptians used acacia in paints and they used the wood to make wheels, dwellings and tools. Acacia tree are found in the NILE basin. They are indigenous to Ethiopia, Egypt, Angola; Americas are home to different types of acacia as well. Certain species of the acacia can be spotted growing wild in the Sinai Desert and in the area of Jordan. In spite of the tremendous quantity of gums employed in industry since the beginning of this century a real in sight into the chemistry of these substances has been obtained only during the last twenty or thirty years. Much work has been reported on the Gum Acacia, which is also known as Gum Arabic. The gum is exudates of the genus Acacia of the series Gummiferae of the sub family Mimosoidae, of the family Legumisae. An attempt is made to explain its utility and potential towards commercialization is made through this review.