Der Pharma Chemica
Journal for Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Computational Chemistry

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In vitro Anthelmintic Efficacy of Amaranthus dubius, Basella alba and Cleome gynandra

Author(s): George B, Kousalya P

The aim of this study was to investigate the anthelmintic activity of leaves of Amaranthus dubius, Basella alba and Cleome gynandra against adult Indian earthworm Eisenia fetida. E. fetida was selected as a model for anthelmintic activity due to its anatomical and physiological resemblance with the intestinal round worm parasites of human beings. Normal saline was used as the control while Albendazole drug at 25 mg/ml and 50 mg/ml were used as the standard drug. Three concentrations of leaves extract (100 mg/ml, 200 mg/ml and 300 mg/ml) of A. dubius, B. alba and C. gynandra were used to study the Anthelmintic activity. The 300 mg/ml proved to be very active by paralyzing and killing the earthworms in a shorter time. At 300 mg/ml A. dubius showed 18 min for paralysis stage and 28 min for death stage of E. fetida. Synergistic studies of the plants against Helminths were also carried out where two plants were combined and all had the same concentration (200 mg/ml). B. alba and A. dubius combination showed best Anthelmintic activity, paralysis stage of E. fetida at 31 min and death at stage 36 min.

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