In the world, more than 400 million people are suffering from diabetes, while diabetes is one of the most widely spreading diseases, and will be the challenge in the future. The highest rate of diabetes is seen in adult (10.9%) in the middle east and north Africa region, while the greater number of diabetes (adult) patient are diagnosed in the western pacific region and has the highest number of spreading diabetes (37.5%). Many of the technologies are used for the treatment and diagnosis of diabetes but the perfect cure for diabetes is yet difficult to find. Treatment and the therapies available for diabetes are much expensive and less effective. Many of the patients have type 32 diabetes and a small percentage of people have type 1 diabetes. Different types of diabetes are compared in the term of the diagnosis criteria. Insulin production plays a vital role in the regulation of blood glucose in the body. Some of the defects in the beta mass cell and function are the major cause of diabetes 1 and diabetes 2.