Medicinal plants have been used traditionally to treat neurological disorders. The aim of this study was to report the medicinal plants used to treat these disorders in ethnobotanical resources of Iran. Traditional remedial information of this study was obtained by searching common key words such as neurological disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, mental illness, and medicinal plants in scientific databases including ISI Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Islamic World Science Citation Database (ISC), Magiran and Scientific Information Database (SID) of Iran. Several medicinal plants up to 71 species are used as effective remedies on neurological disorders in different cities, regions and provinces of Iran such as Arasbaran, Jandagh, Khuzestan, Sirjan, Sistan, north of Iran, Mobarakeh, Marivan, Kashan, West Azarbaijan, Ilam. Medicinal plants show their therapeutic effects due to the presence of antioxidants, flavonoids, flavonoids, tannins, anthocyanins activities and so on.