GET THE APP

Analytical Determination of Imiquimod in Various Solvents by Uv Spectroscopical Technique

Der Pharma Chemica
Journal for Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Computational Chemistry

ISSN: 0975-413X
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission Systemof respective journal.

Full Length Research Article - Der Pharma Chemica ( 2022) Volume 14, Issue 9

Analytical Determination of Imiquimod in Various Solvents by Uv Spectroscopical Technique

Bhupinder Kaur*
 
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chandigarh University, Punjab, India
 
*Corresponding Author:
Bhupinder Kaur, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chandigarh University, Punjab, India, Email: bhupinder21990@gmail.com

Received: 09-Sep-2019, Manuscript No. dpc-21-02; Editor assigned: 13-Sep-2019, Pre QC No. dpc-21-02 (PQ); Reviewed: 27-Sep-2019, QC No. dpc-21-02; Revised: 20-Jul-2022, Manuscript No. dpc-21-02 (R); Published: 05-Sep-2022, DOI: 10.4172/0975-413X.14.9.24-27

Abstract

UV spectrophotometric method is the promising method which is developed for the programmed approximation of Imiquimod in bulk drug and different delivery systems. The absorption maxima of drug is shown at 244 nm and molar absortivity of 1.5899 ×104 l/mol×cm. Drug completely obeyed Beer-Lambert’s law within the concentration range of 0-2.5μg/ml. Correlation coefficients (R2) was found to be 0.998, 0.999. 0.999 in 0.1N HCl, Phosphate buffer pH 6.8 and methanol respectively.

Keywords

Imiquimod; Beer-Lambert’s law; Spectrophotometric method; Linear

INTRODUCTION

UV Analysis is one of the most conventional but unsurpassed method of drug estimation and quality control in divergent drug formulations when already many of the hitech chromatographic techniques and other hyphenated techniques are available till date [1]⁠. Recent strives in research are initiated to develop such a UV analytical technique which should be simple, sensitive, accurate, precise and economical so that routine estimation of Imiquimod could be done in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form using 0.1 N HCl, Phosphate Buffer 6.8, Methanol. The γ max was observed at 244.0 nm. It was seen that in the concentration 0-2.5 μg/ml beer law was followed. Imiquimod belong to class Quinolines. Imiquimod is available in market by the brand name of Aldara [2]. It is most commonly used antiviral drug. It is basically used to cure many types of out-growths on the skin. These may be the early signs of cancerous growths (actinic keratoses), certain type of skin cancer, and outward pertusions like warts on the outside of the genitals/ anus. Imiquimod are the type of drugs called immune response modifiers [3,4]. Imiquimod is an immune responser modifier which will play the role of toll-like receptor 7 agonist. Imiquimod can be used to cure certain types of skin cancer called superfacial basal cell carcinoma.

Mechanism of action

The mechanism of action of Imiquimod is through triggering of innate and acquired immune responses, which will finally lead to inflammatory cell infiltration with-in the area where drug is applied followed by apoptosis of diseased tissue. Imiquimod is also responsible for inducing the expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha genes. During the treatment of basal cell carcinoma, Imiquimod resembles to act as a toll-like receptor-7 agonist, and exert its anti-tumor effect via modifying the immune responses and triggering of apoptosis in BCC cells. During the treatment of BCC Cells it may increase the infiltration of lymphocytes, dendritic cells and macrophage into the tumor lesion [5-7] (Figure 1).

derpharmachemica-Chemical

Figure 1: Chemical Structure of Imiquimod

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Materials

UV-visible double beam spectrophotometer, Systonics, Ahmadabad (Gujarat) – 2201, Imiquimod was bought as pure drug from Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Baddi India.

Solvent selection

The solubility of the drug is accessed in different solvents and after that 0.1 N HCl, Phosphate Buffer 6.8, methanol were selected as suitable solvents for analysis of spectral characteristics.

Methods

Preparation of 0.1 N HCl

Add 8.3 ml of concentrated HCl in a 1000ml volumetric flask and make up the remaining volume with the help of distilled water [7].⁠

Phosphate buffer 6.8 pH

In a 200 ml volumetric flask 50 ml of 0.2 M potassium dihydrogen phosphate was dissolved and 22.4 ml of 0.2 m sodium hydroxide was added to it when total volume was made up to 200 ml [8-10].

Construction of standard calibration curve for Imiquimod

Suitable dilutions were prepared to produce a solution of Imiquimod in the concentration range of 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 μg/ml in 0.1N HCl, phosphate buffer 6.8 and methanol [11]. 244 nm was selected as the value to check the absorbance of Imiquimod in 0.1 N HCl, Phosphate buffer pH 6.8 and methanol by UV-visible spectrophotometer and the graphical plot was plotted by taking concentration in X-axis and absorbance in Y-axis to get the standard curve.

Procedure for Calibration curve of Imiquimod in 0.1 N HCl

• An accurately weighed 100mg of Imiquimod was mixed in 100ml of 0.1 N HCl from which the further test dilutions for drug having concentration 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 μg/ml were prepared.

• All the prepared drug concentrations were scanned in a 10mm quartz cell on a Systronics 2201 UV spectrophotometer between range 200-600 nm.

• The scan of the drug was plotted on U.V spectrophotometer between range 200-400 nm when at 244.0 nm which shows good agreement to European Pharmacopoeia and referred articles.

• The drug was scanned and γ max of the drug was found within the range which states that drug follows Beer lamberts’ law. The drug gave best fitting with the reference value.

• As the concentrations 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 μg/ml were found to fit in the equation of linearity so the given concentrations were selected and calibration curve was drawn in triplicate and S.D was calculated for the same.

Calibration curve of Imiquimod in Phosphate buffer pH 6.8

• An accurately weighed 100mg of Imiquimod was dissolved in 100ml of 6.8 pH buffer from which the further working standard solutions of drug having concentration 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 μg/ml were prepared by diluting 6.8 pH buffer .

• All the prepared drug concentrations were scanned in a 10mm quartz cell on a Systronics 2201 UV spectrophotometer between range 200-600 nm.

• The scan of the drug was plotted on U.V spectrophotometer between range 200-400 nm when at 244.0 nm which shows good agreement to European Pharmacopoeia and referred articles.

• The drug was scanned and γ max of the drug was found within the range which states that drug follows Beer lamberts’ law. The drug gave best fitting with the reference value.

• As the concentrations 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 μg/ml were found to fit in the equation of linearity so the given concentrations were selected and calibration curve was drawn in triplicate and S.D was calculated for the same. Procedure for the preparation of calibration curve in methanol

• An accurately weighed 100mg of Imiquimod was dissolved in 100ml of methanol from which the further working standard solutions of drug having concentration 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 μg/ml were prepared.

• All the prepared drug concentrations were scanned in a 10mm quartz cell on a Systronics 2201 UV spectrophotometer between range 200-600 nm.

• The scan of the drug was plotted on U.V spectrophotometer between range 200-400 nm when at 244.0 nm which shows good agreement to European Pharmacopoeia and referred articles.

• The drug was scanned and γ max of the drug was found within the range which states that drug follows Beer lamberts’ law. The drug gave best fitting with the reference value.

• As the concentrations 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 μg/ml were found to fit in the equation of linearity so the given concentrations were selected and calibration curve was drawn in triplicate and S.D was calculated for the same (Table 1) (Figure 2-4).

Table 1: Calibration curve of Imiquimod

Sr.No. Concentration(mg/ml) Absorbance
In Methanol In pH 6.8
Phosphate Buffer
In 0.1 N HCl
1 0 0 0 0
2 0.5 0.14 ± 0.018 0.101 ± 0.007 0.201 ± 0.016
3 1 0.245 ± 0.005 0.201 ± 0.014 0.409 ± 0.021
4 1.5 0.358 ± 0.013 0.296 ± 0.002 0.598 ± 0.027
5 2 0.472 ± 0.009 0.397 ± 0.006 0.782 ± 0.018
6 2.5 0.565 ± 0.004 0.497 ± 0.001 0.992 ± 0.026
derpharmachemica-Calibration

Figure 2: Calibration curve of imiquimod in methanol.

derpharmachemica-Imiquimod

Figure 3: Calibration curve of Imiquimod in 0.1 N HCl.

derpharmachemica-curve

Figure 4: Calibration curve of Imiquimod in pH 6.8 Phosphate buffer.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The method which was proposed for the UV analysis was simple, rapid and precise and do not suffer from any kind of interference and disturbance. Various readings from the calibration curve are depicted in the Table No.1. The validated analytical method were found to be linear in the range of 0-2.5μg/ml at 244 nm with correlation coefficients (R2) 0.998, 0.999. 0.999 in methanol, 0.1N HCl and Phosphate buffer pH 6.8respectively.

CONCLUSION

A new validated accurate and precise spectrophotometric method were built for the analysis of Imiquimod in APIs and different drug formulations.

REFERENCES

  1. Kaur B, Goswami M. J Inf Comput Sci. 5(9): p. 99-105.
  2. Google Scholar   

  3. Gupta V, Chuttani K. Trivedi P, J Labelled comp Radiopharm, 2014, 1: p. 1-4.
  4. Oumata N, Nguyen PH, Beringue V. 2013, 8: p. 1-11.
  5. Padamwar MN, Pawar AP. Indian Drugs. 2003, 9: p. 526-531.
  6. Google Scholar  

  7.  Khan AW, Kotta S, Ansari SH. 2014, 4: p. 1-8.
  8. Lachman L, Lieberman IA. 3rd edition Varghese publication house. 1991, 3: p. 536-537.
  9. Isenberg G, Isenberg G, 1995.
  10. Indian Pharmacopeia. 2007, 2: p. 67-70.
  11. Holkar GS, Rokade MD. IJTAS.  2012.
  12. Google Scholar

  13. Ghada A, Rania HF. AAPS Pharm Sci Tech. 2009, 10.
  14. Nesalin JAJ, Babu CJG, Kumar GV, et al., EJ Chem. 2009, 6(3): p. 780-784.

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

30+ Million Readerbase
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 23677

Der Pharma Chemica received 23677 citations as per Google Scholar report

Der Pharma Chemica peer review process verified at publons
Der Pharma Chemica- Journals on pharmaceutical chemistry